Posted in current affair

World’s longest sea bridge is Hong-Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge

Hong-Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge

Chinese President Xi Jinping has officially opened the world’s longest sea crossing bridge, nine years after construction first began.

Total length 55 km/-

Including six lanes

Opened 24 October 2018



Facts about Hong-Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge

Designed to withstand earthquakes and typhoons

it was built using 400,000 tonnes of steel

About 30km of its total length crosses the sea of the Pearl River delta.



 

The Hong Kong–Zhuhai–Macau Bridge (HKZMB or HZMB) is a bridge–tunnel system, which consists of a series of three cable-stayed bridges and one undersea tunnel, as well as two artificial islands.

It spans the Lingdingyang channel, which connects Hong Kong with Macau and Zhuhai, three major cities on the Pearl River Delta. For the construction cost of the HZMB Main Bridge, the total contribution of the three places (Hong Kong, Mainland and Macau) will be RMB¥15.73 billion, among which the government of the Hong Kong will contribute RMB¥6.75 billion. It is among the longest fixed-links in the world and is a major landmark in the area.



Full view of Bridge






Posted in current affair

The keylong railway station india’s first station inside a tunnel

The “Keylong” station

Height of tunnel -3,000/- meters.

Length of tunnel is – 27/- km.

Location– On the strategic Bilaspur-Manali-Leh line close to the Sino-India border.

The line will facilitate movement of goods and personnel to the frontier areas.

Distance between delhi and leh will get reduced from 40 hours to 20 hours.



The project will include 74 tunnels, 124 major bridges and 396 minor bridges, according to the first phase of the survey.



While many metro stations in Delhi and other cities are inside tunnels, once completed, the Keylong station in Himachal Pradesh will be the first on the railway network to be inside a tunnel.

“Keylong” is the administrative centre of Lahaul and Spiti district, 26 km north of Manali and 120 km from the Indo-Tibetan border.



Posted in current affair

Union Minister MJ Akbar resigns from his post over sexual harassment charges

#MeToo movement: Union Minister MJ Akbar resigns from his post over sexual harassment charges

Union Minister of State for External Affairs, MJ Akbar resigned from his post on October 17, 2018 over sexual harassment charges levelled against him by several women journalists in the wake of #MeToo movement.


Akbar’s resignation came two days after he filed a criminal defamation complaint in a Delhi’s Patiala House Court against journalist Priya Ramani, who was the first to put #MeToo allegations against Akbar. Following Ramani’s complaint, as many as 20 women came out in support of Priya Ramani, accusing Akbar of sexual harassment



Posted in current affair

India, Japan, U.S. plan joint air exercise

The 3 countries already conduct naval war games

India, Japan and the U.S. plans for a trilateral joint air exercise. It is a set to elevate the bilateral set to elevate the bilateral ‘Cope India’ air exercise to a trilateral format.

The three countries have already conducted naval war games under the expanded Malabar naval exercise.

The trilateral air exercise between India, Japan and the U.S. was proposed by the U.S. The next edition is scheduled to be held in December.



The Final Planning Conference will finalise the modalities of the exercise is scheduled for the third week of October in Kalaikunda, West Bengal.

 



भारत, जापान और अमेरिका एक त्रिपक्षीय संयुक्त वायु अभ्यास के लिए योजना बनाते हैं। यह द्विपक्षीय सेट को द्विपक्षीय ‘कोप इंडिया’ वायु अभ्यास को एक त्रिपक्षीय प्रारूप में बढ़ाने के लिए एक सेट है।

विस्तारित मालाबार नौसेना अभ्यास के तहत तीन देशों ने पहले ही नौसेना के युद्ध के खेल आयोजित किए हैं।



भारत, जापान और अमेरिका के बीच त्रिपक्षीय वायु अभ्यास अमेरिका द्वारा प्रस्तावित किया गया था अगला संस्करण दिसंबर में होने वाला है। अंतिम योजना सम्मेलन इस अभ्यास की विधियों को अंतिम रूप देगा, अक्टूबर के तीसरे सप्ताह कालीकुंडा, पश्चिम बंगाल में निर्धारित है।



Posted in current affair

गुजरात मामला: रामविलास पासवान ने सीएम रूपाणी को किया फोन, कहा- सुरक्षा के पुख्ता इंतज़ाम किए जाएं

 

 

नई दिल्ली: गुजरात में उत्तर भारतीयों के के साथ मारपीट और उनके पलायन की घटना को लेकर केंद्रीय मंत्री रामविलास पासवान ने गुजरात के सीएम विजय रूपाणी से बात की. बता दें कि 28 नवंबर को गुजरात के साबरकांठा में नाबालिग लड़की से रेप के आरोप में बिहार के एक मजदूर को गिरफ्तार किया गया था. इसी गिरफ्तारी के बाद स्थानीय संगठनों ने बिहार, यूपी और मध्य प्रदेश के लोगों को निशाना बनाना शुरू कर दिया.



पासवान ने ट्वीट किया, ”मैंने मुख्यमंत्री से यह भी कहा कि जो लोग डरे-सहमे हुए हैं और पलायन कर रहे हैं, उनकी सुरक्षा के पुख्ता इंतज़ाम किए जाएं. मुख्यमंत्री ने बताया कि पिछले 48 घंटे में स्थिति पूरी तरह से काबू में है और कहीं कोई अप्रिय घटना नहीं घटी है.”

 

इससे पहले बिहार के मुख्यमंत्री नीतीश कुमार ने भी गुजरात के सीएम रूपाणी से बातचीत की. उन्होंने कहा, ”मैंने इस संबंध में गुजरात के मुख्यमंत्री से कल बात की. हम संपर्क में बने हुए हैं. पूरे मामले पर नजर बनाए हुए हैं. जिसने भी अपराध (रेप की वारदात) किया उसे बख्शा नहीं जाना चाहिए. लेकिन जो निर्दोष हैं उनके साथ गलत नहीं होना चाहिए.”

 



उधर बिहार-यूपी के लोगों पर हुए हमले को लेकर पूर्व-उपमुख्यमंत्री तेजस्वी यादव ने प्रधानमंत्री नरेंद्र मोदी को निशाने पर लिया है. उन्होंने कहा, ”यूपी,बिहार के लोगों को पीटने वालों गुजरात के लम्पट संघियों समझ लो, प्रधानमंत्री यूपी से चुनाव जीते हैं. मोदी जी, आप देश के प्रधानमंत्री हैं. इस मुद्दे पर आपकी चुप्पी ख़तरनाक है. आपके राज्य के लोग ग़ैर-गुजरातियो को पीटकर भगा रहे है. क्या यही है आपका Team India और सबका साथ, सबका विकास?”


Posted in current affair

#MeToo

 

The Me Too movement (or #MeToo movement), with many local and international alternatives, is a movement against sexual harassment and sexual assault.#MeToo spread virally in October 2017 as a hashtag used on social media in an attempt to demonstrate the widespread prevalence of sexual assault and harassment, especially in the workplace.



Origin

It followed soon after the sexual misconduct allegations against Harvey Weinstein.Tarana Burke, an American social activist and community organizer, began using the phrase “Me Too” as early as 2006, and the phrase was later popularized by American actress Alyssa Milano, on Twitter in 2017. Milano encouraged victims of sexual harassment to tweet about it and “give people a sense of the magnitude of the problem”. This was met with success that included but was not limited to high-profile posts from several American celebrities, including Gwyneth Paltrow, Ashley Judd, Jennifer Lawrence, and Uma Thurman.



#MeToo is also a sexual harassment.

Posted in current affair

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code

 

Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code is a section of the Indian Penal Code introduced in 1864 during the British rule of India. Modelled on the Buggery Act of 1533, it is used to criminalize sexual activities “against the order of nature”. On 6 September 2018, the Supreme Court of India decided to announce that the application of Section 377 to consensual homosexual sex between adults was unconstitutional, “irrational, indefensible and manifestly arbitrary”, but that Section 377 remains in force relating to sex with minors, non-consensual sexual acts, and bestiality.



Portions of the section were first struck down as unconstitutional with respect to gay sex by the Delhi High Court in July 2009. That judgement was overturned by the Supreme Court of India (SC) on 11 December 2013 in Suresh Kumar Koushal vs. Naz Foundation. The Court held that amending or repealing section 377 should be a matter left to Parliament, not the judiciary. On 6 February 2016, a three-member bench of the Court reviewed curative petitions submitted by the Naz Foundation and others, and decided that they would be reviewed by a five-member constitutional bench.



On 24 August 2017, the Supreme Court upheld the right to privacy as a fundamental right under the Constitution in the landmark Puttuswamy judgement. The Court also called for equality and condemned discrimination, stated that the protection of sexual orientation lies at the core of the fundamental rights and that the rights of the LGBT population are real and founded on constitutional doctrine. This judgement was believed to imply the unconstitutionality of section 377

 

377. Unnatural offences: Whoever voluntarily has carnal intercourse against the order of nature with any man, woman or animal shall be punished with imprisonment for life, or with imprisonment of either description for a term which may extend to ten years, and shall also be liable to fine.



Posted in current affair

Statue of Unity

Statue of Unity

 

The Statue of Unity is a monument in India dedicated to Indian independence movement leader Vallabhbhai Patel located in the Indian state of Gujarat. It will be located facing the Narmada Dam, 3.2 km (2.0 mi) away on the river island called Sadhu Bet near Vadodara in Gujarat. This statue will occupy over 20,000 square meters, and will be surrounded by a 12 square km artificial lake.It is the world’s tallest statue with the height of 182 metres (597 ft). Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Rashtriya Ekta Trust (SVPRET), a special purpose vehicle was established by the Gujarat government and the outreach programme was carried out across India starting December 2013.



Initially the total cost of the project was estimated to be about ₹3,001 crore (US$420 million) by the Indian government. Later Larsen & Toubro won the contract in October 2014 for its lowest bid of ₹2,989 crore (US$420 million) for the design, construction and maintenance. The construction was started on 31 October 2014. The construction of statue was completed in mid-October, 2018. It will be inaugurated on 31 October 2018 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.

 

 

 

 

 

Location Sadhu bet, Near Sardar Sarovar Dam, Garudeshvar weir, Gujarat, India
Designer Ram V. Sutar
Type Statue
Material Steel framing, reinforced concrete, bronze coating
Height
  • statue: 182 metres (597 ft)
  • including base: 240 metres (790 ft)

 

Beginning date 31 October 2014; 3 years ago
Dedicated to Sardar Patel

Finance

The monument is being built on a PPP model, with most of the money raised by Gujarat Government. The Government of Gujarat has allotted ₹100 crore for the project in the budget for 2012-13 and ₹500 crore in 2014-15.In the 2014-15 Union Budget announced on 10 July 2014, ₹2 billion (US$28 million) have been allocated for the construction of the statue.

 



Posted in current affair

TIME MANAGEMENT TOOL

Facebook, Instagram to introduce time-management tools

 

Facebook said it was introducing a daily reminder, whereby users are alerted when they reach the time limit they set for themselves to spend on the app.

Do you worry that you, or your children, spend too much time on social media? Facebook and Instagram on Wednesday said they want to help you take control.

In a statement, the social media giants — which are both owned by Facebook — announced “new tools to help people manage their time” spent on the platforms.

Among the tools are a way to limit notifications, and a dashboard that allows users to keep track of how much time they have spent on the platforms.

“We want the time people spend on Instagram and Facebook to be intentional, positive and inspiring,” the statement said.

“Our hope is that these tools give people more control over the time they spend on our platforms and also foster conversations between parents and teens about the online habits that are right for them,” it added.

Facebook said it was introducing a daily reminder, whereby users are alerted when they reach the time limit they set for themselves to spend on the app.

It is also introducing an option to deactivate notifications on smartphones.

Facebook has in recent months introduced a string of changes to its content, including a major plan earlier this year to update its newsfeed to emphasise posts from friends and family.

That shift had prompted fears it could drive away advertisers if people spent less time on the social network.

Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg had announced the changes in 2017, as his firm sought to respond to accusations that it encouraged addiction to its platform.

Earlier this year, Zuckerberg said: “In 2018, we’re focused on making sure Facebook isn’t just fun to use, but also good for people’s well-being and for society.”

Since the measures were introduced, viral videos have seen a significant drop in reach. The plan, in turn, saw a 5% drop in time spent on Facebook in the last quarter of 2017.

Posted in current affair

Computer – Software

Computer – Software

Software is a set of programs, which is designed to perform a well-defined function. A program is a sequence of instructions written to solve a particular problem.

There are two types of software −

  • System Software
  • Application Software

 

System Software

The system software is a collection of programs designed to operate, control, and extend the processing capabilities of the computer itself. System software is generally prepared by the computer manufacturers.

  • EXAMPLES OF SYSTEM SOFTWARE
  • WINDOWS
  • LINUX

 

Application Software

Application software are those type of software which is designed/develop according to user need.

for example:-

  • Payroll Software
  • Student Record Software
  • Inventory Management Software
  • Income Tax Software
  • Railways Reservation Software

 

Features of application software are as follows −

  • Close to the user
  • Easy to design
  • More interactive
  • Slow in speed

NEXT-